How to Write a Literature Review for a Research Paper
Body of Paper Next, mold this argument, this synthesis, into the body of your paper. An experimenter writes his methods and results first. Similarly, this is the new information and interpretation that you are presenting. It may be largely descriptive, but it should have a unique perspective. Outlines will be a big help to you at this stage. Don't be afraid to write your ideas done before they are perfectly formed! If you can get them down on paper, you can place them in a logical sequence and develop them into a flowing presentation. After your body is complete, you can move on to your introduction and conclusion. Introdution Your introduction will be short; perhaps a page in length. It is not labelled with a separate heading, it just focuses the reader on the issues you will describe or contrast in the body of your paper. It is not a review of the field (this review takes shape in the body), it merely establishes a common point of departure for readers with different levels of expertise. It should provide some justification for the paper (why the issue is important), and it should present the objective of the paper. Again, as in the experimental paper, an easy way to create a logical introduction is to direct the reader from broader background information to the specific issues that you will address. Conclusion Likewise, the conclusion section is usually not separated from the body of the paper (although it can be, if it is particularly long). In the conclusion, you should redefine the objective of the study and show how you satisfied these goals. It should strengthen the relationship between the ideas you have built in the body of the paper. Acknowledgments. Thank the people who helped you research the question, design or conduct the experiment, and review drafts. Also acknowledge any funding support, and the source (check a few acknowledgement sections for examples). Literature Cited. This section contains bibliographical information on the references that were cited in the body of the paper. It is not a bibliography; only list the references that were actually cited in the body of the text. First, you must understand how to cite references in the body of the text. Check my website under “AP Assignments” for APA Format. When you are all done, set it aside for at least one day. Re-read your paper, sentence by sentence, as if you were reading it for the first time. Be hard on yourself; any improvements that you make at this stage will directly enhance the quality of your paper and your grade. Formatting: Use double spacing (or 1.5), 12 pt. new times roman, and one inch margins. Page numbering in upper right is preferred.
How To Write A Literature Review For A Research Paper
"Review of Literature" UW-Madison Writing Center Writer's …
A review paper is adifferent beast altogether. Where research reports do includethe expertliterature, a Review paper looks at solely published reports to explainwhat ishappening in an area of research as a whole. Review Articlesmake adifferent sort of contribution to science (McMillan, 2001, 3, emphasisadded):So,the Review Article has very different features from a researchreport. The task of the writer is to take a stepback andlook at what is going on across many individual researchprojects with the purpose of giving direction to the field. It’sone of those “forest and tree” situations: in a researchreport, thescientists are examining a tree; in a review paper, the scientist islooking atthe forest. In science, the review writer tries to understandwhat ishappening across an area research, to discover patterns among theindividual piecesof research that experimental researchers may or may not be awareof. Reviewers provide two very important and practical contributions toscience. First, they do the hard work of all the readingrequired so thatresearch results are regularly gathered in one place. Second,reviewersevaluate current research trends and make recommendations for whereresearchand/or applications of research should be focused. Reviews are asrecognizable by their organization as research reports are; the body isorganized according to topical subheadings that clue readers tocontent. Introductions tends to be concise; conclusions are downrightbrief.Reviewoutlines provide lots of information about content (of pdf page)
Writing the introduction; Writing the body; ..
Auckland Uniservices Ltd. Instructed Second Language Acquisition.
Sample APA Papers: Literature Review. Purdue University Online Writing Center. PDF File.
Sample Literature Review on Critical Thinking. Gwendolyn Reece, American University Library.
Sample Literature Reviews. Prof. G. Steinberg, College of New Jersey.
Sample of a Literature Review from a Quantitative Research Paper. Susan Janssen, University of Minnesota Duluth.
Brenda Gayle Plummer. The Changing Face of Diplomatic History: A Literature Review. University of Wisconsin-Madison. The History Teacher.
The Doomsday Argument: a Literature Review. Nick Bostrom. Dept. of Philosophy, Logic and Scientific Method London School of Economics.